Our future plans for Rapar block of Kutch include overall development of ground water with participatory management and conservation.
Skill building on Geo-Hydrological aspects: Keeping in view the terrain and geological formations of Rapar block and need of trained technical human resources to work on water issues Samerth planned and organized Geo-hydrological training for five (5) of its staff and 7 Jaldoots (total 12) from resource organisation Arid Communities and Technologies (ACT). The training comprised 7 different modules spread over 45 days in a year focusing on Geo-hydrological issues’ comprised classroom sessions and practical on ground – in arid areas.
The training enabled the team and Jaldoots to understand geo-hydrology, ground water management and its implication on water altitude, how to read the maps of different locations, topo sheets, revenue maps, land use and geomorphology map. The team learned how to prepare module base maps and different methods of overlapping these maps for creating water shed plan for the villages. The modules also include understanding on various forms of rocks, sand stones, lime stones, black granite, and formation of aquifers.
Samerth team worked in six villages - Sanva, Dhabda, Kanmer, Sai, Chitrod and Lakhagadh - of Rapar block of Kutch for application of training on the ground for understanding and mapping villages water resources such as rivers, waste land, revenue land, survey numbers of locations, various types of water sources etc. The different maps were drawn during the training with the help of expert ACT team through active participation of local villagers while understanding the geo-hydro morphology of the local strata formations.
As a part of training the trained team have also trained skills in conducting well inventories by mapping bore and dug wells using ‘Geo Physical System’ and sound system. Team has prepared inventory of 225 wells in operational villages.
These trained para –geo hydrologist are a great technical human resource available now for the region. With such expertise now they are able to prepare water harvesting including watershed plans of villages. MGNREGA employment officers now approach the trained team members for their advice for planning locations/for the water structures. The training has helped Samerth team to understand the possibilities of developing water sources in different lands, rocks, soil types and understanding nature of aquifers. This is foremost need to plan any water development/harvesting structures.This information base has proved useful for tracking the water in terms of quantity, seasonality and quality purposes.
Skill building In Chhattisgarh Programme: On the basis of the experience of Kutch - similar skill building process on geo-hydrology has been undertaken for the 25 WASH Extenders and Jaldoots.